Sunday, March 18, 2007
Rights & Duties in a Parent-Child Relationship
SUITS AFFECTING THE PARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIP RIGHTS AND DUTIES IN PARENT-CHILD RELATIONSHIP RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF PARENT. (a) A parent of a child has the following rights and duties: (1) the right to have physical possession, to direct the moral and religious training, and to designate the residence of the child; (2) the duty of care, control, protection, and reasonable discipline of the child; (3) the duty to support the child, including providing the child with clothing, food, shelter, medical and dental care, and education; (4) the duty, except when a guardian of the child's estate has been appointed, to manage the estate of the child, including the right as an agent of the child to act in relation to the child's estate if the child's action is required by a state, the United States, or a foreign government; (5) except as provided by Section 264.0111, the right to the services and earnings of the child; (6) the right to consent to the child's marriage, enlistment in the armed forces of the United States, medical and dental care, and psychiatric, psychological, and surgical treatment; (7) the right to represent the child in legal action and to make other decisions of substantial legal significance concerning the child; (8) the right to receive and give receipt for payments for the support of the child and to hold or disburse funds for the benefit of the child; (9) the right to inherit from and through the child; (10) the right to make decisions concerning the child's education; and (11) any other right or duty existing between a parent and child by virtue of law. (b) The duty of a parent to support his or her child exists while the child is an unemancipated minor and continues as long as the child is fully enrolled in an accredited secondary school in a program leading toward a high school diploma until the end of the school year in which the child graduates. (c) A parent who fails to discharge the duty of support is liable to a person who provides necessaries to those to whom support is owed. (d) The rights and duties of a parent are subject to: (1) a court order affecting the rights and duties; (2) an affidavit of relinquishment of parental rights; and (3) an affidavit by the parent designating another person or agency to act as managing conservator. (e) Only the following persons may use corporal punishment for the reasonable discipline of a child: (1) a parent or grandparent of the child; (2) a stepparent of the child who has the duty of control and reasonable discipline of the child; and (3) an individual who is a guardian of the child and who has the duty of control and reasonable discipline of the child. RIGHTS OF A LIVING CHILD AFTER AN ABORTION OR PREMATURE BIRTH. (a) A living human child born alive after an abortion or premature birth is entitled to the same rights, powers, and privileges as are granted by the laws of this state to any other child born alive after the normal gestation period. (b) In this code, "born alive" means the complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy, which, after such separation, breathes or shows any other evidence of life such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached. Each product of the birth is considered born alive. LIMITATION ON STATE AGENCY ACTION. A state agency may not adopt rules or policies or take any other action that violates the fundamental right and duty of a parent to direct the upbringing of the parent's child.